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retreat [ri'tri:t]
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词性及解释
  • n.
    休息寓所, 撤退, 隐居, 退避
  • vi.
    撤退, 隐退, 向后倾
  • vt.
    退(棋)
  • 【化】
    再精制; 再处理
  • 【联想记忆】re(back) + treat(拉) → 向后拉 → 撤退,退却
词形变化
名词: retreater 动词过去式: retreated 过去分词: retreated 现在分词: retreating 第三人称单数: retreats
英英解释
  • 1.
    n.the act of withdrawing or going backward (especially to escape something hazardous or unpleasant)
  • 2.
    n.(military) withdrawal of troops to a more favorable position to escape the enemy's superior forces or after a defeat
    [例]
      the disorderly retreat of French troops
  • 3.
    n.(military) a bugle call signaling the lowering of the flag at sunset
  • 4.
    n.(military) a signal to begin a withdrawal from a dangerous position
  • 5.
    n.a place of privacy
    [例]
      a place affording peace and quiet
  • 6.
    v.make a retreat from an earlier commitment or activity
    [例]
      We'll have to crawfish out from meeting with him
      He backed out of his earlier promise
      The aggressive investment company pulled in its horns
  • 7.
    v.move away, as for privacy
    [例]
      The Pope retreats to Castelgondolfo every summer
常用词组
习惯用语
  • 1.
    beat a retreat
    打退堂 鼓, 放弃不干
  • 2.
    be in full retreat
    总退却
  • 3.
    be beyond retreat
    没有后退的可能
  • 4.
    blow [sound] the (a) retreat
    鸣金收兵
  • 5.
    cover the retreat
    掩护退却
  • 6.
    cut off the retreat
    截断退路
  • 7.
    go into retreat
    【宗】进入静修状态
  • 8.
    make a retreat
    撤退
  • 9.
    make good one's retreat
    安全撤退; 顺利脱身
例句
  • 1.
    After a year of almost continuous retreat in Africa, sicily, and Italy, the German troops were glad to turn about and fight
    一年来,德军从非洲,西西里岛和意大利几乎马不停蹄地后撤,这时高兴地转过身来杀回马枪了。
  • 2.
    There is also some evidence that the retreat of the West Antarctic ice sheet, on the other side of the peninsula to the Larsen B shelf, has halted.
    还有一些证据显示,与“守护神B”冰架隔南极半岛相望的西南极洲大冰原已经停止了后退。
  • 3.
    Strive to BE the first to BEar hardness, and retreat to the last for enjoyment
    劳苦之事则争先,饶乐之事则能让
  • 4.
    If the worst comes to the worst", Becky thought, "my retreat is secure; and I have a right-hand seat in the barouche.
    蓓基想到:“逼到最后一条路,逃难是不怕的了,在大马车里,我稳稳的有一个位子了。”
  • 5.
    An orderly retreat from the CamP
    秩序井然的撤营
  • 6.
    That retreat looks a wise decision FOR America's sake-particularly seeing that this time Mr Bush won the national popular vote by 3.5m.
    为了维护美国人民的利益,克里选择放弃似乎是一个明智的决定,尤其是在看到布什在这次选举中以350万张普选票的优势胜出后。
  • 7.
    Henry picked up two straggling Italian sergeants. During the night the retreat was halted in the rain FOR hours.
    亨利让两名失散的意大利中士上了车。在晚上,撤退的人马在雨中被阻达几个小时。
  • 8.
    The defeated army had to retreat hastily (from the Field of battle to the coast).
    败军被迫仓皇(从战场)撤退(至沿海地区)。
  • 9.
    The others HID in a barn until it seemed safe to circle around Udine and join the main stream of the retreat toward the Tagliamento River.
    其他人躲进一个粮仓,以便等情况安定一点再绕开乌迪内,赶上向塔利亚门托河撤退的大队人马。
  • 10.
    The terminal point chosen for the retreat is usually in the central section of the base ara, but sometimes it is in the frontal or rear sections, as circumstances require.
    退却的终点,往往选在根据地中部;但有时也在前部,有时则在后部,依照情况来决定。
词汇级别

小测验:选择正确的单词

retreat means:
  • A.rdumple
  • B.wdithdraw
  • C.sdtare
  • D.cdomplain

浏览历史

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